What is Bicep?


Microsoft Bicep is an open-source, domain-specific language (DSL) for deploying Azure resources declaratively. It aims to simplify the process of writing Azure Resource Manager (ARM) templates, which can be complex and difficult to understand. Bicep is a transparent abstraction over ARM and ARM templates, which means anything that can be done in an ARM template can be done in Bicep.

Use Case

Bicep is used to simplify the deployment and management of Azure resources. For instance, if a company wants to set up a new Azure environment, they can use Bicep to define and deploy the necessary resources such as virtual machines, storage accounts, and networking configurations. This can be particularly useful for large-scale deployments where manually setting up each resource would be time-consuming and error-prone.


To use Bicep, you first need to install the Bicep CLI. Once installed, you can create a .bicep file to define your Azure resources. This file is similar to an ARM template but is simpler and easier to read. You can then use the Bicep CLI to compile your .bicep file into a JSON ARM template, which can be deployed to Azure. Bicep also integrates with popular code editors like Visual Studio Code, providing features like autocompletion and syntax highlighting.


The main benefit of Bicep is that it simplifies the process of deploying Azure resources. Its syntax is cleaner and more intuitive than ARM templates, making it easier to learn and use. Bicep also provides better support for modularity and code reusability, allowing you to create and share modules for common tasks. Additionally, because Bicep is a transparent abstraction over ARM, it provides full compatibility with existing ARM templates and resources.


  1. Simplified Syntax
    Bicep’s syntax is simpler and more intuitive than many other IaC languages, making it easier to learn and use.

  2. Native Azure Support
    Bicep is a domain-specific language (DSL) created by Microsoft specifically for Azure, ensuring native support for all Azure resources and services.

  3. Integration with ARM Templates
    Bicep is a transparent abstraction over ARM and ARM templates, allowing for seamless conversion between Bicep and ARM templates.

  4. No State Management
    Unlike some IaC tools, Bicep does not require state management, simplifying the deployment process.

  5. Free and Open Source
    Bicep is a free, open-source tool provided by Microsoft, making it a cost-effective choice.


  1. Limited to Azure
    Bicep is specifically designed for Azure, making it less suitable for multi-cloud deployments or for use with other cloud providers.

  2. Relative Newness
    As a newer language, Bicep may not have as extensive a community or as many third-party resources as more established IaC languages.

  3. Lack of Certain Advanced Features
    While Bicep is continually being developed and improved, it may lack some of the advanced features found in more mature IaC tools.

  4. Learning Curve
    Despite its simplified syntax, there is still a learning curve associated with Bicep, particularly for those not already familiar with ARM templates.

However, it’s important to note that the choice between Bicep or any other IaC tool/language should be based on your specific needs, the cloud platforms you’re using, and the expertise of your team.


If you’re regularly deploying resources to Azure, we highly recommend giving Bicep a try. Its simplified syntax and enhanced modularity can save you time and reduce the risk of errors. Plus, because it’s fully compatible with ARM, you can start using Bicep without abandoning your existing ARM templates. Just remember to install the Bicep CLI and a compatible code editor to get started.

Source: Microsoft Learn – Bicep

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